How To Kill Bed Bugs
Pest control Bed Bugs Santa Barbara
Bedbugs attack when one expects the least, often when one is in deep sleep at night. Bed Bugs cause swollen and itching bite marks along with rest spots on the sheets. Our ancestors probably were accustomed to sleeping with these blood sucking bugs. But for the people like us who live in modern societies, this problem seems quite new and is an unappealing prospect. Thanks to effectiveness of the insecticides, bed bugs have almost been absent from the developed countries since last 3 decades. Different products such as DDT were extensively used around the World War 2 period.
Many children grew up singing ì don't let bedbugs bite without even experiencing any actual bed bugs. The bedbugs in previous years simple vanished from American landscape. But they are back. In the recent years because of the airline routes, the planet earth has shrunk to a point that all bed bugs are at a distance of within 24 hours flight from New York.
In addition regulatory losses of the long-lasting insecticides, have allowed these once ubiquitous bed bugs to make comeback. In United States, the sightings of bedbugs are doubling each year and so the bedbugs once again are proving to be common and difficult pest. Considerable consternation has been caused by their resurgence. Media has given them a lot of coverage, from the photos of the patterns of bite marks, to documenting the difficult measures of eradication, to those front page stories of some hefty lawsuits.
Has there really been resurgence in bed bugs in United States?
How do you know?
Bedbug infestations have increased in recent years. The University of Kentucky and NPMA conducted a survey in 2015 called Bugs without borders and it was found in that survey that infestations of bedbugs in United States are continuing at the high rates. 99.6% of the respondents were treated for the bedbugs in past year. Before 2000, only about 25% of the respondents encountered any infestation of bed bugs. Additionally about one out of five Americans report that they have had the infestation or they know a person did encounter bedbugs in hotel or home according to an NPMA survey of 2011.
Where have the bedbugs been found?
Bed bugs exist in all types of dwellings. The infestation has been reported everywhere by the pest control companies including the multifamily housing, single family housing, hotels, apartments, hospitals, college and schools campuses, retail stores, movie theaters, office buildings and even the public transportation. These days, even the high end stores of clothing and the five star hotels are susceptible to the infestation.
Which states have been affected?
The activity of bed bugs has been reported by the companies of pest control on national scale. Bedbugs have been found from East to West Coast and in all places in-between. According to the survey Bedbugs in America about 17% of the respondents from Northeast, 20% from Midwest, 20% from South and 19% from West encountered the bedbugs.
The facts - Biology of Bed bugs
As name implies, bed bugs commonly are associated with the areas where we sleep. Bedbugs are insects which are dormant in the crevices and small cracks, during the daylight hours and they come out during the night in order to feed on the blood.
They often hide close to the bedding areas. They have the ability of moving more than hundred feet in order to get blood meal. Their peak activity is from midnight to 7 am. Their bite is painless. However, about 50 to 60 percent people develop allergic reaction to saliva injected by bedbugs when they feed. Reaction usually causes the itchiness and skin swelling.
The adult bedbugs have a length of only about 8th of an inch. They have a reddish brown color and have flattened oval shaped bodies. Immature nymphs have similar appearance to adults but they have a light color and are smaller in size. It is necessary for the nymphs to mold 5 times before they mature and they need one blood meal between every molt. They females are able to lay 5 eggs every day and they can lay up to 5 hundred eggs in their lifetime. The eggs are very small (only 1/32î) and they have a white color.
Eggs are deposited in the cracks and on the rough surfaces one after the other. The eggs are secured in these rough surfaces and cracks with a glue-like sticky substance. It takes from 7 to 10 days for the eggs to hatch. The nymphs hatched newly are very hard to see without magnification. They are so small that they can crawl through stitching holes in mattresses. In 30 to 60 days the development progresses from an egg to an adult, under the normal conditions (In case the food isnít available, it could take longer). In case blood host isnít found, the newly molted nymphs are able to survive for about 2 months, and the adults are able to survive for a whole year without any meals.
Bed Bug Control:
Controlling the bed bugs is a very difficult challenge which is being faced today by the pest industry. In absence of the long lasting pesticides which are effective against the bedbugs, the pest controllers have to rely upon the new technologies and techniques for treatment along with some of the old fashioned skills. Proper control of the bed bugs should always begin with detailed inspection. Bed bugs hide where one expects the least and mostly only the trained professionals are successful in finding the hidden bedbugs.
Bed Bugs Removal:
Other components of effective treatment of bedbugs include physical removal of the live bugs with vacuum devices, sealing mattresses and box springs in the encasements which are bug proof and application of the targeted residual and the contact insecticides. It is crucial to have the follow-up visits and they must be scheduled at the intervals which match hatching patterns of new bedbugs, so specialist removal companies can help. It takes 7 to 10 days for the nymphs to emerge from eggs and they feed actively every 10 to 14 days. Spacing the follow up visits 10 to 14 days apart is imperative for the eradication of both the new hatchlings and the remaining bedbugs which were dormant in the hiding places in previous visits.
It is often portrayed by the media that control of bed bugs is one losing battle. It should not be portrayed like this. Quick detection, thorough inspection followed by properly timed treatment can ensure that the residents are able to "sleep tight" once again. As they often have other problems with windows, walls, etc. Glass repairs, wall repairs are also the norm. And you may have bugs in your central heating system somehow, so the best idea is to flush them out with a central heating power flush.